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Development of Academic Skills

Comparison of the Two Approaches to Teaching Reading

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PHONICS

WHOLE LANGUAGE

Category Name

Code-emphasis

Meaning-emphasis

Order of Teaching

Parts-to-whole

Whole-to-parts

Instructional Strategy

Skills taught explicitly

Skills taught in context

Organization of Program

By sound pattern

By theme or meaning

Use of literature

Stories selected to offer practice of phonics lesson

Stories selected for rich story plot and characters

Unknown words

Teacher encourages child to sound it out

Teacher encourages child to guess from context and picture cues

(Hall & Moats, 1999)

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- Sarah Steeves - Morgan Barnhill - Kate Heffernan -
- Cognitive Development -
- PSYC 3310 -